Minimal Access/Laparoscopic Surgery is a surgical technique which involves small (keyhole) incisions instead of large cuts. The surgeon introduces a telescope with a video camera through this incision into the body cavity and operates by viewing the internal parts on a TV monitor. In traditional open surgery, the surgeon is unable to see directly into the patient without a large incision. The video camera efficiently becomes a surgeon’s eyes in minimal access surgery, since to perform the procedure; the surgeon uses the image from the video camera placed inside the patient’s body. When the abdomen is operated using a telescope, the procedure is called laparoscopy. On the other hand, when used in a joint, it is called arthroscopy, and when used in the chest, the procedure is called thoracoscopy This minimal access surgery helps in early recovery of patients as they are usually walking around in a few hours after the surgery and can resume their daily activities in no time. Laparoscopic surgery causes minimal pain and has excellent cosmetic results. When compared to traditional open surgery, in laparoscopic or minimal access surgery patients experience less pain, less scarring and have a shorter recovery time. Minimal access surgery can successfully treat thyroid and parathyroid, hernia, appendix, anorectal conditions, diseases of gastrointestinal tract, gall bladder stones and certain clinical conditions involving pancreas, adrenal glands, spleen, kidneys and the liver.
Benefits of Minimal Access Surgery: